London city puzzles and mysteries are intrinsically intertwined, generating the same kind of feeling of suspense that
calls out for relief through some resolution. Th e word catharsis was used by
Aristotle to describe the emotional relief that results from watching a tragic
drama on stage. Unraveling the solution to a mystery story or to a puzzle seems
to produce a similar kind of mental catharsis, since we typically feel a sense of
relief from suspense when we fi nd the answer.
This is London, Gibsons
As far as can be told, the fi rst ever investigation of puzzle- solving from a psychological perspective dates back to an 1897 article by Ernest H. Lindley, titled A Study of Puzzles with Special Reference to the Psychology of Mental Adaptation. Essentially, Lindley provides an overview of the importance of play in childhood as a stimulant of mental development, prefi guring a whole series of studies on play and games in childhood, of which the ones by Piaget ( 1969 ) and Vygotsky ( 1961 ) are the best known. Vygotsky proposed developmental stages that go from external (physical and social) actions to internal cognitive constructions and interior speech via the mind's ability to construct images of external reality.
Maria Rabinky: London Landmarks, Gibsons
Clocktower Market, Gibsons
This developmental flow resembles the cognitive flow described above in the solution of puzzles, suggesting that puzzle- solving is a small- scale model of cognitive growth. Loft us and Loft us ( 1983 ) extended Vygotsky's model to the study of ludic activities generally a domain of investigation that has recently included video games ( Madigan 2015 ). Steven Johnson ( 2005 ), for example, argues that video games may actually be producing powerful new forms of intelligence, since they provide a channel for the same kind of rigorous mental workout that mathematical theorems do.
Jigsaw Puzzle, 150 Pieces, Maxi, Great Britain and Ireland, Gibsons